Health

What should be done to prevent infectious diseases? (2nd)

What should be done to prevent infectious diseases? (2nd)

Measles: The causative agent is viral infection. It is more common in winter and spring months. It can be transmitted to anyone who has not been vaccinated or infected. Infectiousness begins 2 days before the rash begins and continues 4 days after the rash disappears. The incubation period is 8-12 days. Fever, runny nose, watery eyes, cough are the initial symptoms. High fever. The disease lasts an average of 1 week-10 days. Prevention is achieved through vaccination and prevention of contact with sick persons.

Rubella: The causative agent is rubella virus. It is more common in winter and spring. It is transmitted through respiration. Transmission time is 7-10 days before the rash begins and 7 days after the rash. The incubation period is 15-20 days. It is usually a mild disease. Mild fever begins with swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, and small pinkish rashes spread to the face and body. Prevention is provided by vaccination and prevention of contact. It is a serious risk to the baby if it is transmitted to pregnant women who have not been vaccinated and who have not had the disease. In such cases, a doctor should be consulted.

Pertussis:

The causative agent is bacteria. It is seen in winter and spring. It is more common in infants under 1 year of age. It is transmitted through respiration. The duration of incubation is 7-10 days. The disease can last up to 6 weeks. Initially there are symptoms such as dry cough and mild fever. Inpatients, antibiotic treatment, oxygen therapy and humidification of the environment and mucus aspiration are used in infants. It is protected by vaccination.

Chicken poxThe causative agent is chickenpox. It is seen in late winter and spring months. It is transmitted by inhalation and direct contact. The incubation period is 7-14 days. The disease lasts 7-21 days. The initial symptoms are fever, weakness, anorexia. Then itchy rashes, first reddish, then similar to watery acne, appear. Treatment is indicative. The use of aspirin for fever is dangerous. Those older than 12 months can be protected by varicella vaccine. There is a risk of contamination in pregnant women.

Fifth Disease: The virus is caused. It is usually seen in spring. Transmission occurs through direct contact. The incubation period is 5-15 days. The disease lasts for an average of 3-10 days. It is most commonly seen between the ages of 2-12. Symptoms; It begins with intense redness as slaps on the cheeks, and then red rashes on the arms and legs are seen. There may also be redness in the hips. The rash may disappear for 2-3 weeks and reappear. Heals spontaneously without treatment. There is no vaccine.

Sixth Disease: The causative agent is a virus. Seen in all seasons. It is mostly seen in infants and young children under 2 years. Incubation is 5-15 days. The disease lasts for about 1 week. The disease begins with high fever. Restlessness, loss of appetite. Sometimes there is a runny nose, swelling of the lymph nodes and referral. Pale pink rashes spread all over the body. There is no vaccine. Prevention occurs through prevention of contact.

Mumps: The causative agent is the mumps virus. It is more common in winter and spring. It is transmitted directly by respiratory secretions. Incubation is 15-18 days. It starts with widespread pain, fever and loss of appetite. Afterwards, symptoms such as swelling of the salivary glands on both sides of the jaw and pain during chewing occur. Findings are treated. Vaccination is possible.

Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (Common Cold): The causative agents are various viruses. Seen all year round. The incubation period is 1-4 days. The disease lasts an average of 3-10 days. Symptoms; runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, dry cough, fever, weakness and loss of appetite. Findings are treated. Hand protection and prevention of direct contact with sick persons is important for protection.

Red: The causative agents are beta bacteria. It is seen in all seasons, especially in winter. It is more common in school age children. The incubation period is 2-5 days. The duration of the disease is 1-2 weeks. It starts with sore throat, fever, weakness and anorexia. Red small rashes spread all over the body, rashes are itchy. The skin may then peel off. Doctor control is essential for diagnosis and treatment, it is necessary to use antibiotics.

Dby Ege EBCİN
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