Yeditepe University Eye Hospital Assoc. Dr. Şule Ziylan stated that children may be born with eye disorders or eye diseases. Için We recommend that babies undergo an eye examination in the first three months after they are born so as not to be late for treatment ”.
What eye problems do you encounter in newborn babies?
Newborn babies can also be born with eye disorders. There is a belief among the public that babies will not have eye disorders or babies cannot wear glasses. This is not true because in the early period, one or two eyes are severely impaired. Because of the blurred image in the eye, which is broken by the people, that is, refractive error, the child's brain cannot learn to see correctly and clearly. When vision development is over, the loss of visual acuity may not be treated. Therefore, glasses may be required in the early period.
In early infants, there may be pupil in the form of a keyhole, eyeball that has not completed its development smaller than normal, developmental defects in the eyelids and their late diagnosis may have undesirable consequences.
What is the importance of eye examination in newborn babies?
Eye examination is important in newborn babies. Children carry the genetic structure of families. Diseases such as congenital glaucoma (catastrophic blood pressure), cataracts that can be carried by genes in the family or may begin in children, although they are not known in families, are treatable when diagnosed early. The same eye problems, however, cause irreversible eye damage when diagnosed late, and may even result in blindness. These diagnoses usually require urgent surgery to prevent loss of vision. It is very inconvenient to expect that the child will not have surgery at this age.
What should parents pay attention to when observing their children?
If the child has eye disorder, it usually does not attract the attention of the family. The child moves very comfortably in his own home over the years but has little interest in the environment as he cannot see well in foreign environments. The family interprets it as shyness. Treatment is delayed. One clue is that the child is not interested in television. The child, who is not interested in the multi-colored television, should get the attention of the family. In such cases, the loss of vision is permanent in the child who is taken to the physician late by his / her doctor and the response to the treatment may not be obtained. In early infancy, closure is required in a very short period of time and closure treatment in children with late diagnosis requires a long time. Since the child has grown up, it is very difficult to apply closure treatment, which often leads to social problems as a result of the school period.
Do preterm babies have more eye problems?
One of the most important problems of our day is the eye problems of premature babies born today. In our country, very young babies can be kept alive in recent years. However, in these infants, strabismus, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, lazy eye etc. are also present. Therefore, it is necessary to start the follow-up of the premature babies at the end of the first four weeks and to follow up periodically until the school age.
When should parents take their child to an ophthalmologist?
Babies with watery eyes, uncomfortable with light, little interest in the environment, staring when they call out, but not smiling unless they come close to them, striking differences between their eyes, dullness or whiteness in the pupils, and strabismus with large eyes although not in the family should be shown to an ophthalmologist immediately. We, as ophthalmologists, recommend that babies undergo an eye examination in the first three months after birth.