As parents, we know that you do not neglect your baby's routine health checks. His health is above all else, isn't it? One of the things you need to pay attention to is his eye health. Failure to take precautions at an early age may cause significant eye diseases in the future. We are also at the Memorial Hospital Ophthalmologist Op. Dr. We talked with Haluk Talu on göz Eye health and attention points in infants..
: How old should children undergo eye examination?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu As soon as children are born, they are subjected to a systemic examination by a pediatrician. In the meantime, they will have undergone an eye examination. The pediatrician will also perform eye examinations at the routine check-ups of the baby and ask for an consultation with the ophthalmologist if an abnormal condition is suspected. Therefore, it is very important not to interrupt routine pediatrician examinations.
If the pediatrician suspects anything, any abnormality related to the vision of the child is detected, if the eyes are slipping after one year of age, if the eyes do not appear normal, if there is burrs in the eyes, watering misting should be immediately consulted to the eye doctor.
: What are the most common eye diseases in children?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu All eye diseases can be seen in children. Allergic conjunctivitis (eye fever) is the most common eye disease in all age groups. Newborn conjunctivitis can be seen in newborns. These may occur with the agents (herpes, toxoplasma, rubella, gonorrhea, citomegalovirus, etc.) that pass from mother to baby during birth. All congenital anomalies (cataract and eye structure disorders) can occur from birth. Immediately from the first months, tear duct obstructions are common. From the age of 1-2, significant strabismus occurs. From the age of 3-4, with the socialization of infectious eye diseases increases. The need for glasses towards school age begins to be felt by children and family.
: What are the causes of these diseases and what precautions should be taken?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu What needs to be done in allergic diseases is to discover what causes the allergy and either to avoid it or to desensitize it. Since allergy testing in children is difficult, it is a research to be applied only if the allergy is severe and threatening the child's health. This applies to a very small proportion of allergies. Parents of children with allergic problems should always act as detective and try to discover what is allergen in the child's environment. Hygienic measures are very important in preventing these infections. Hands should not be taken to the eyes, others should be taught not to use towels. If there is infection in the area, only paper towels should be used for a while.
: How to treat eye diseases in infants?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu In anatomical eye diseases (cataract, glaucoma, intraocular tumors, etc.), the only solution can be surgery. it is recommended to wear glasses if certain numbers are above.
In case of strabismus, the necessary glasses are given first. Some strabismus can be improved only by wearing glasses. Strabismus that does not improve with glasses is corrected by a non-difficult operation.
: What are the points to be considered when choosing glasses for 0 - 3 years old children who have to wear glasses?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu Babies who need to wear glasses at the age of 0-3 already have a significant problem. Since it will be difficult to adjust the intraocular lens number in infants born with cataracts, the infant will remain very high number of hyperopia for a while and the contact lens may be more prominent in these infants.
Wearing glasses may be mandatory in infants with marked shifts. Likewise, it may be necessary to wear glasses in high hypermetropia and astigmatism patients who are more likely to be lazy. Correcting the near vision of babies of this age is important for preventing / reducing laziness.
Babies should wear round, lightly-framed, light-glazed glasses covering the entire visual field. It is important that the press on the nose and temples is not disturbing. Since the numbers will change rapidly, it is very important to follow them every 3-6 months.
If there is a possibility of laziness in one eye, closure is applied to the eyes for the period drawn by the doctor. This closure is made in such a way that the special sealing patches completely cover the eye. Proper closing treatment cannot be done by gluing something to the glasses.
A special case is the use of bifocal goggles in children with a high accommodation rate of accommodation / convergence. In these bifocal windows of infants and children, the distant-near passage line is in the middle of the glass, unlike the ones used by the elderly.
: How are the babies affected by the sun's negative effects? Are there any precautions to be taken?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu The ultraviolet rays of the sun, which are harmful, affect the babies as well as the central ones. Those exposed to unprotected ultraviolet have a risk of damage to the retina and cataract development. Therefore, the eyes of the babies should be protected from the sun at least with wide hats. It is not recommended to take the babies out even if it is between 12: 00-4: 00, when the sun's rays reach the steepest.
: Is there an increase in infectious diseases seen in the eye during summer months? What are the points that families should pay attention to? ?
Kiss. Dr. Haluk Talu Yeah. The risk of microbial contamination is increased, especially in contact with the outdoor environment such as the sea, pool, sand, garden, grass leaves and the like. The most important task for families starts with personal hygiene education. Parents who have complaints such as redness, watering, stinging and burring in the eyes of their children should immediately go for an eye examination. They can keep their children away from places where there is an infection epidemic (nest, club, etc.). In case of infection at home, necessary isolation measures should be taken. You should definitely not use general towels at the pool or at the beach. However, although infection develops, it is possible to treat it with eye drops with antibiotics within a few days.