Parents are very meticulous about issues such as healthy growth, development, good nutrition and not getting cold from the day the baby is born. However, it is necessary to show the same care about oral health as well as general health.
Because oral health problems may bring other problems. Tooth grinding in children is an important problem which is common in children and has an impact on physical and psychological development with both its causes and consequences.
What is Teeth Grinding in Children?Inadvertently to the habit of clamping the jawbone strongly, exerting more force on the teeth than normal, and the effect of this force, rubbing hard against each other tooth grinding or bruxism It called.
While the person himself is generally unaware of the problem, people around him can easily recognize this habit by starting to hear the sounds that are disturbing his ears.Bruxism is an oral problem not only in infants but also in children and adults. parafunctional activity.
This is a very common discomfort in some people only during the day, some only at night, and some can be seen in different ways, both day and night.
Symptoms of Tooth Grinding in Infantsbruxism is a problem that can be seen at any age and is a habit that can cause physical discomfort when left untreated.
Early diagnosis and treatment are important to avoid the negative consequences of the problem. Therefore, it is always useful to know the problem closely and to know what the symptoms are.
The most common symptoms are as follows;
- Squeaking or clicking sounds often heard at night, during the day, or at night and at night
- Noise from mouth to ear
- Mild, advanced or moderate wear on teeth
- Traumas in soft tissues such as palate, inside cheek and tongue in mouth
- Fatigue, stiffness and pain in the chewing muscles in the morning
- Noise of the jaw joint when moving
Reasons for Teeth Grinding in Infants
It is a very common problem in children to hear rattling and squeaking sounds. However, the frequent occurrence of a situation does not mean that it is normal.
Tooth grinding in infants It is not normal as long as it lasts for a long time and can be a precursor to many problems. Therefore, it should never be ignored if seen in minors and adults.
The most common reasons are as follows;
First Teeth Start
Although this action is considered a normal behavior in certain periods, it is not normal for the behavior to repeat repeatedly and cause some discomfort, and precautions should be taken immediately.
Dental Imbalance and Caries
Teeth grinding is normal in children during the period between 7 and 11 years. However, if symptoms progressively worsen and persist after 12 years of age, a specialist should be consulted immediately.
Disorders of the Digestive System, Respiratory System and Hormonal System
The center of squeezing and chewing the jaw muscles is under the control of the nervous system. Tooth grinding in infants not caused by disorders of oral anatomy, other systems central nervous system stimulation and consequently with the action of the mastication reflex It may occur.
Effect of drugs used
Some drugs can stimulate the nervous system and cause side effects such as excessive force on the jaw muscles and compression.
Intestinal Parasite Infections
Children who spend a lot of time in public areas such as schools, kindergartens and parks are constantly exposed to parasites. Sometimes these parasites are taken into the body as a result of intestinal infections It occurs.
Parasites that settle in the intestines can stimulate the brain and cause salivation and bruxism.
Reflux of the nutrients from the stomach to the esophagus from the stomach as a result of relaxation of the valve is called reflux.
This problem, which is frequently encountered in infants, can begin with the continuous chewing of the food that returns to the mouth and reach the habit of squeaking.
Stressful psychological factors such as starting school, changing caregivers, having siblings, unpleasant situations with friends and sleeping disorders may be the source of the problem.
For this reason, if there is no physical reason, psychologist solution-oriented steps should be taken by identifying the source of stress.
Ways of Coping with Teeth Grinding While Sleeping in Children
We mentioned that the fact that a situation is encountered frequently does not mean that it is normal. This is really set out, teeth grinding while sleeping in children Although it is common, it can cause permanent damage to teeth and jaw joints if preventive treatments are not performed at an early age.
The first condition of treatment is diagnosis and the underlying cause of the habit should be investigated first.
In order to begin to investigate what is the reason pedodontist must go. As a result of the inspection, the level of wear in the area is determined.
If there is a disorder that prevents complete closure of the upper and lower teeth, it is corrected and other necessary treatment methods are applied. If necessary, apparatus that can be placed in the mouth of the child while sleeping and to minimize injury can be attached.
If the problem is not related to the anatomical structure of the mouth and jaw digestive, respiratory and hormonal systems related research should be done.If the tests and investigations do not yield any results polysomnography method It applied. With this diagnostic method, the patient is examined in the laboratory by taking a nap at night.
If tooth grinding is not based on a physical basis in children, the child should be referred to a specialist in child and adolescent psychology immediately and the psychological factors that may cause it should be investigated.
Most people are aware that during the day, when they are under intense stress, they tighten their jaws strongly. However, as much as other individuals to notice the warnings, such as creaking and rattling and notices themselves to become aware of the situation.
It's a little easier for adults teeth grinding in children it is usually the result of parents' careful monitoring of their young offspring and noticing warnings.
Therefore, it is always useful to have information about why the issue may arise and what steps to follow in case of problems.