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You need to gain enough weight during pregnancy. Excess weight brings along with other health problems. Acıbadem Hospital Bakırköy Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Prof.Dr. Contact Rıza directly hypertension, pregnancy diabetes may develop in case of too much weight gain, saying the mother expects.
: Can you tell us about the changes that enable women to gain weight during pregnancy?
Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly At the first checkup of the pregnant woman, we look at her weight, blood pressure, and neck. General examination, blood and urine tests are performed. Urine is searched for sugar and protein. Thus, problems with diabetes and kidney disease are identified. The recommended weight gain is 12 kg during pregnancy. Weight gain per month for 24 weeks is 1.5 kg per month in the last 16 weeks. During pregnancy many changes occur in the woman's body. The reasons for this weight gain can be listed as follows. 3500 grams is the weight of the fetus. The weight of the breasts increases by 500 grams. Blood volume increases by 1800-2000 grams. Plesanta and amniotic fluid increases by 1000 grams. The remaining weight is the fluid and adipose tissue in the tissue range. These allow you to gain weight
: What are the negative effects of overweight gain? Is the regime offered to the expectant mother?
Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly Excessive weight of the pregnant woman may bring along other health problems. Hypertension, pregnancy diabetes may develop. Weight gain makes both normal birth and cesarean section difficult. May pave the way for various complications. Normal pregnancy cramps are more common in pregnant women who gain more weight. If there is no problem caused by the disease, we do not recommend diet to the expectant mother. However, in case of pregnancy diabetes or hypertension, we recommend a special diet. In hypertension, we limit salt and salty foods. In pregnancy diabetes, we limit sugar, sweet foods and carbohydrates.
: Which forms of treatment are applied to women who cannot develop healthy baby despite gaining enough weight during pregnancy?
Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly If a developmental disorder is detected in the baby despite the fact that she gained enough weight during the follow-up of the pregnant woman, first of all, it should be understood whether there is a problem in the baby. The baby should be seen by a perinatologist. Treatment should be done for cause. If the baby does not have a problem, the mother should be investigated for systemic diseases. It should be determined that the mother does not have diabetes or poisoning. If the baby has developmental delay, it should be removed by cesarean section when it becomes viable. In this way, the baby can complete the development outside.
: What should be the ideal diet during pregnancy?
Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly We describe the ideal diet during pregnancy as a balanced diet. Adopting a healthy diet causes fewer problems during pregnancy. The mother's only food source during pregnancy is the baby. Therefore, it should be taken regularly from various food groups. Protein requirement increases during pregnancy. Mothers, fish, meat, milk and dairy products, legumes should eat regularly. In order for the baby's bone and tooth structure to be healthy, it is necessary to take twice as much calcium as is normally taken during pregnancy. Calcium requirement is provided by milk, yoghurt, cheese and green leafy vegetables. Taking fiber foods will prevent constipation which is common during pregnancy. Folic acid intake during the first period of pregnancy is of great importance. Folic acid is rich in green vegetables. Apart from these, we recommend that plenty of fluids be taken during pregnancy, salt should be consumed less, and beverages containing caffeine such as tea and coffee should be consumed less. No alcohol. The various studies carried out in Turkey anemia caused by iron deficiency in two-thirds of pregnant women (anemia) is seen. Therefore, it is important to determine whether iron deficiency is present in pregnant women.
: There are some established beliefs among the people. For example, the mother's drinking of milk makes the baby milk, as if swelling the feet of salty foods. What is their accuracy? Can you add other examples?
Prof. dr. Contact Rıza directly These are absolutely wrong. Drinking milk is important for calcium intake. But if you take too much milk, cramps will increase. There is phosphorus in the milk. Excess milk intake causes cramps. Salt has no direct relation to edema in the legs during pregnancy. Edema develops due to the increase in weight during pregnancy. Or problems such as pregnancy poisoning. In addition to this, it is also common that women can be sexually asserted by diet. There is no relationship between nutrition and gender determination.