Congenital Hip Dislocation
It is the result of abnormal development of some or all parts of the hip joint. The problem can be detected at the first examination after birth or later.
Congenital hip dislocation is more common in some regions.
The etiology of congenital hip dislocation is attributed to many reasons.
• Genetic causes: 6-8 times more common in girls than boys are related to genetic factors.
• Coexistence with congenital anomalies: It can be seen with anomalies such as pes cavus and torticollis.
• Factors in the womb and childbirth: It is more common in breech presentation and cesarean section.
• Normally, the child's thigh bone head is not fully formed at birth. But in some children this cavity is either very smooth or prone and the head of the femur can easily come out of this cavity. This happens on one side, but is usually bilateral.
Hip dislocation is systematically sought in the first examinations after birth. X-rays taken after childbirth do not give any results;
Echography (sonography) can be taken at the end of the first month.
If hip dislocation is not diagnosed, permanent deformities occur and this is very uncomfortable for the child. In these cases, long treatments or even surgeries may be required.
To prevent hip dislocation, there is an early treatment that is very easy to apply. The child's legs are kept apart for a while by wearing a special panty or using a special pillow.
The baby born with a congenital hip dislocation is fitted with a ligament-like device for inserting the head of the femur into the acetabulum. This treatment is usually successful in 6 to 8 weeks. Most cases of hip dislocation diagnosed in the early stages of newborn infants can be treated accordingly.