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What is azoospermia and how is it diagnosed?

What is azoospermia and how is it diagnosed?

Yücel Karaman, Coordinator of the IVF Center in Brussels gave important information about the diagnosis of azoospermia.What is Azoospermia?Azospermia can be simply expressed as the absence of sperm cells in the semen. The number of sperm cells in the semen produced after the merger should be at least 20 million per milliliter. The cases with values ‚Äč‚Äčless than this number are considered as oligospermia, while no sperm cells are seen as azospermia. As a result of the tests, it is almost impossible for a person to notice the discomfort caused by the absence of live or dead sperm cells in the semen without performing certain tests.How and Why Azospermia Occurs?
Azoospermia can occur for many reasons. One reason can be described as the halting of sperm cell production in the testes, and another reason may be the obstruction of the channels that assume the discharge function. Both conditions may be congenital disorders of the person or they may occur for life for any reason. However, patients with azoospermia are usually genetic. In this way, it is possible to be seen in children if there is any discomfort in the family. Although non-genetic diseases are not common, they need to be taken into consideration as they can occur spontaneously and cause emotional crises and the tests should not be neglected. How is azoospermia diagnosed?When azoospermia is suspected, two separate spermiograms should be performed for several weeks to reach definitive conclusions. As a result of the tests to be performed taking the warnings of the physician into account, a 95 percent probability is reached. Hormones that stimulate sperm formation in eggs such as FSH, LH, and Testesterone are checked for confirmation of azoospermia. At the same time, if azoospermia is genetic, special tests such as microdeletion and chromosome analysis are applied and final results are tried to be reached. More information can be found in azospermia.