In Western countries, ADHD is thought to affect 3 to 5 percent of pre-school and school-age children. In order to concretize its frequency, ADHD can be seen in a class of 25-30 people and at least one child. Although boys are diagnosed two to three times more often than girls, this difference disappears during adulthood. The majority of these children continue to experience ADHD symptoms during adolescence and adulthood.
With the transition from childhood to adolescence and adulthood, symptoms of open ADHD may disappear or become covered. For example; people may have to deal with problems in chronic procrastination, time management, irregularity, impulsive decision-making processes, unintentional speech and marital relationships, or hyperactivity can be replaced by a feeling of restlessness.
There is no “test için to diagnose ADHD. Diagnosis is based on the presence of a range of behaviors and symptoms. Symptoms for diagnosis should be continuous and intense enough to significantly impair the daily functionality of the individual in social, academic or professional settings. Excessive consumption of certain foods, watching too much television, playing computer games, not being well educated or lack of discipline does not cause ADHD. Although the exact cause is unknown, research suggests that genetics plays a major role in the development of ADHD. There is no “miraculous” solution for ADHD. Rather, ADHD treatment is based on the introduction of strategies and interventions to address and manage ADHD symptoms more effectively.
Stating that treatment should always be tailored to the individual's subjective needs, Telaferli states that it is beneficial to exhibit a holistic approach to the treatment of ADHD and list the methods they apply to: • Drug treatment • Education of the family and person • Social skills training and psychotherapy
Although it was once thought that ADHD would go away with the development, maturation and growth of children, the symptoms of ADHD may persist for life, beyond adolescence and beyond. In some children, when the disorder grows, sometimes children with ADHD become adults with ADHD. Although the symptoms change shape, they continue to affect life. Experts emphasize that adolescents and adults with untreated ADHD are likely to experience more traffic accidents, school / job failure, relationship / marital problems, more frequent job changes and joblessness, and even substance abuse.